Falciphora oryzae (Z.L. Yuan, C.L. Zhang & F.C. Lin) J. Luo & N. Zhang, Mycologia 107(3): 644. 2015. (Type species).
MycoBank: MB 810802.
    ≡ Harpophora oryzae Z.L. Yuan, C.L. Zhang & F.C. Lin, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 307(1): 96. 2010.

Asexual state phialophora-like. On PDA, hyphae branched, septate, hyaline to brown, smooth, 2–3.5 μm diam. Conidiophores unbranched or branched, bi- to terverticillate, 15–110 × 2.8–5 μm. Conidiogenous cells phialidic, terminal or intercalary, aggregated in clusters, light brown to brown, 5.5–14 × 2.5–3 μm, with a cylindrical collarette, 0.5–1.2 μm diam. Conidia aggregated in slimy heads, sickle-shaped, strongly curved, aseptate, hyaline, smooth, 7.5–9 × 0.8–1.2 μm. Chlamydospores intercalary, occasionally in chains, obovoid to ellipsoid. Sexual state unknown.

Colonies on PDA or MEA 4.5 cm diam after 7 days at 25 °C in dark; surface gray olivaceous to dark olivaceous; aerial mycelium dense, gray; submerged hyphae rope-like; reverse gray olivaceous (Description from Yuan et al., 2010).

Typification: Holotype R5-6-1. Ex-holotype culture R5-6-1.

Gene sequences: KJ026707 (18S), EU636699 (ITS), KJ026705 (28S), KJ026709 (MCM7), KJ026708 (TEF1).

Genome sequences: JNVV01000000 (genome).

Hosts/substrates: On roots of Oryza (Poaceae).

Distribution: China (Yunnan).

Notes: Yuan et al. (2010) reported Falciphora oryzae as a beneficial endophyte from wild rice, which may contribute towards growth promotion of rice (Oryza sativa). Xu et al. (2014) published its genome data and revealed the evolution from a pathogen to a mutualistic endophyte.